Population-Based Cancer Screening

Victoria L. Champion

Susan M. Rawl

Usha Menon

ONF 2002, 29(5), 853-861. DOI: 10.1188/02.ONF.853-861

Purpose/Objectives: To provide an overview of current issues surrounding the prevention of and screening for lung, breast, cervical, colorectal, ovarian, prostate, and skin cancer.

Data Sources: Original research, review articles, and published guidelines.

Data Synthesis: Although morbidity and mortality rates have decreased for these cancers, prevention and early detection still require increased funding and research.

Conclusions: More behavioral scientists must be trained in prevention and early detection of cancer, and increased research funding is necessary to encourage advances in primary and secondary prevention.

Implications for Nursing: Oncology nurses should incorporate appropriate prevention and early-detection strategies into practice.

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