Oncology Nursing Society Position

Breast Cancer Screening

ONF 2006, 33(4), 685-686. DOI:

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    Austoker, J. (2003). Breast self-examination: Does not prevent deaths due to breast cancer, but breast awareness is still important. BMJ, 326, 1-2.

    Havey, B.J., Miller, A., Baines, C., & Corey, P.N. (1997). Effect of breast self-examination techniques on the risk of death from breast cancer. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 157, 1205-1212.

    Humphrey, L.L., Helfand, M., Chan, B., & Woolf, S.H. (2002). Breast cancer screening: A summary of the evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Annals of Internal Medicine, 137(5, Pt. 1), E347-E367.

    National Comprehensive Cancer Network. (2005). Breast cancer screening and diagnosis guidelines version 1.2005. Retrieved February 2, 2006, from http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/PDF/breast-screening.pdf

    Smith, R.A. (2003). An overview of mammography: Benefits and limitations. Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network, 1, 264-271.

    Smith, R.A., Saslow, D., Sawyer, K.A., Burke, W., Costanza, M.E., Evans, W.P., et al. (2003). American Cancer Society guidelines for breast cancer screening: Update 2003. CA: A Cancer Journal for Clinicians, 53, 141-169.